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PEER-REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS

 

1.   McClay IS, Manal K: Coupling parameters in runners who pronate and normals. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 13(1): 109-124, 1997.

2.   McClay, I., Manal, K. The influence of foot abduction on differences between two-dimensional and three-dimensional rearfoot motion. Foot and Ankle International 19 (1), pp. 26-31, 1998

3. McClay IS, Manal K: A comparison of three-dimensional lower extremity kinematics during running between pronators and normals. Clinical Biomechanics, 13(3):195-203, 1998

4. McClay IS, Manal K: Three-dimensional kinetic analysis of running: significance of secondary planes of motion. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 31(11):1629-1637, 1999

5. Manal K, McClay IS, Stanhope SJ, Richards J and Galinat B: Comparison of surface mounted markers and attachment methods in estimating tibial rotations during walking: An in vivo study. Gait & Posture, 11(1):38-45, 2000

6. Williams DS, McClay IS & Manal K: Lower extremity mechanics in runners with converted forefoot strike pattern. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 16(2): 210-218, 2000.

7. Manal K, McClay IS, Richards J, Galinat B & Stanhope S. Knee moment profiles during walking: errors due to soft tissue movement of the shank and the influence of the reference coordinate system. Gait and Posture, 15(1): 10-17, 2002.

8. Manal K, Buchanan TS, Shen X, Lloyd DG & Gonzalez RV. Design of a real-time EMG driven virtual arm. Comp Biol Med 32: 25-36, 2002.

9. Manal K, Lu X, Nieuwenhuis MK, Helders PJM, Buchanan TS: The effects of bone geometric changes in the juvenile idiopathic arthritic wrist, J Biomech 35(1): 125-134, 2002

10. Manal, K., McClay Davis, I., Galinat, B. & Stanhope, S. The accuracy of estimating proximal tibial translation during natural cadence walking: bone vs. skin mounted targets. Clinical Biomechanics, 18(2):126-131, 2003

11. Heine R, Manal K, Buchanan TS: Using Hill-type muscle models and EMG data in a forward dynamic analysis of joint moment: evaluation of critical parameters. J Mech Med Biol, 3(2): 169-186, 2003.

12. Manal, K. and Buchanan, T.S. A one-parameter neural activation to muscle activation model:

Estimating isometric joint moments from electromyograms. Journal of Biomechanics,36, 1197-1202, 2003.

13. Manal K & Buchanan TS. Subject specific estimates of tendon slack length:  A numerical method. Journal of Applied Bioemechanics, 20(2): 195-203, 2004

14. Galloway, J.C., Bhat, A., Heathcock, J., Manal, K. Shoulder and Joint power differ as general feature of vertical arm movements.  Experimental Brain Research, 157(3): 391-396, 2004.

15. Manal, K. & Stanhope, S.J. A novel method for displaying gait and clinical movement analysis data. Gait and Posture, 20(2): 222-226, 2004.

16. Buchanan, T.S., Lloyd, D.G., Manal, K. and Besier, T.F. Neuromusculoskeletal modeling: estimation of muscle forces and joint moments and movements from measurements of neural command. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 20: 367-395, 2004.

17. Manal, K., Chang, C.C., Hamill, J.  and Stanhope, S. A three-dimesional data visualization technique for reporting movement pattern deviations. Journal of Biomechanics, 38: 2151-2156, 2005 .

18. Buchanan, T.S., Lloyd, D.G., Manal, K. and Besier, T.F. Estimation of Muscle Forces and Joint Moments using a Forward-Inverse Dynamics Model.  Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 37(11):1911-6, 2005.

19. Manal K. & Buchanan TS. Use of an EMG-Driven Biomechanical Model to Study Virtual Injuries.  Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 37(11):1917-23, 2005.

20. Manal K., Roberts DP. & Buchanan TS. Optimal Pennation Angle of the Primary Ankle Plantar and Dorsiflexors: Variations with Sex, Contraction Intensity, and Limb. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 22: 255-263, 2006.

21. Manal, K. & Rose, William.  A general solution for the time delay introduced by a low-pass Butterworth digital filter: an application to musculoskeletal modeling.  Journal of Biomechanics,40, 678-681, 2007.

22.Manal K. & Gardinier JD. The Ray Projection Method: A Numerical Approach for Determining Ideal Camera Placement. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 23: 79-84, 2007.

23. Guo, M. & Manal, K.  The Influence of Foot Progression Angle on the Knee Adduction Moment during Walking and Stair Climbing in Pain Free Individuals with Knee Osteoarthritis.  Gait & Posture, 26(3): 436-441, 2007.

24. Manal, K., Roberts, D.P., Buchanan, T.S.  Can pennation angles be predicted from EMGs for the primary ankle plantar and dorsiflexors during isometric contractions? Journal of Biomechanics 41 (11), pp. 2492-2497, 2008.

25. Dierks, T.A., Manal, K.T., Hamill, J., Davis, I.S. Proximal and distal influences on hip and knee kinematics in runners with patellofemoral pain during a prolonged run. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy 38 (8), pp. 448-456, 2008.

26. Chimera, N.J., Benoit, D.L., Manal, K. Influence of electrode type on neuromuscular activation patterns during walking in healthy subjects.   Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 19 (6), pp. 494-499, 2009.

27. Shao, Q., Bassett, D.N., Manal, K., Buchanan, T.S. An EMG-driven model to estimate muscle forces and joint moments in stroke patients. Computers in Biology and Medicine 39 (12), pp. 1083-1088, 2009.

28. Manal, K., Cowder, J.D., Buchanan, T.S.   A hybrid method for computing Achilles tendon moment arm using ultrasound and motion analysis.  J Appl Biomech. 2010 May;26(2):224-8.

29. Chimera, N., Castro, M., Manal, K.  Function and strength following gastrocnemius recession in subjects with isolated gastrocnemius contracture.   Foot Ankle Int. 2010 May;31(5):377-84.

30. Fellin, R., Manal, K., Davis, I.  Comparison of lower extremity kinematic curves during overground and treadmill running.  J Appl Biomech. 2010 Nov;26(4):407-14.

31. Noehren, B, Manal, K, Davis, I.  The effectiveness of a marker placement device in improving between day kinematic reliability in running.  J Orthop Res. 2010 Nov;28(11):1405-10.

32. Dierks TA, Manal KT, Hamill J, Davis I. Lower Extremity Kinematics in Runners with Patellofemoral Pain during a Prolonged Run. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011 Apr;43(4): 693-700.

33. Shao Q, MacLeod TD, Manal K, Buchanan TS. Estimation of ligament loading and anterior tibial translation in healthy and ACL-deficient knees during gait and the influence of increasing tibial slope using EMG-driven approach.  Ann Biomed Eng, 2011 Jan;39(1):110-21.

34. Gutierrez G,  Knight CA, Swanik CB, Royer T, Manal K,  Caulfield B, Kaminski TW. ExaminingNeuromuscular Control During Landings on a Supinating Platform in Persons With and Without Ankle Instability.  Am. J. Sports Med,  EPUB ahead of print, doi:10.1177/036354651142232.

35. Deepak Kumar D,  Rudolph KS, Manal K.  EMG-Driven Modeling Approach to Muscle Force and Joint Load Estimations: Case Study in Knee Osteoarthritis.  J Orthop Res, 2011 JOR-11-0161.R2(21544)

36. Manal K, Gravare-Silbernagel K, Buchanan TS. A Real-time EMG-driven Musculoskeletal Model of the Ankle. Multibody Syst Dyn, 2011, 28(1-2):169-80, 2011.

37. Willy RW, Manal KT, Witvrouw EE, Davis IS. Are Mechanics Different between Male and Female Runners with Patellofemoral Pain? Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012 Jul 26. [Epub ahead of print]

 

38. Ridge ST, Henley J, Manal K, Miller F, Richards JG. Kinematic and kinetic analysis of planned and unplanned gait termination in children. Gait Posture. 2012 Jul 23. [Epub ahead of print]

 

39. Chimera NJ, Castro M, Davis I, Manal K. The effect of isolated gastrocnemius contracture and gastrocnemius recession on lower extremity kinematics and kinetics during stance. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2012 Jul 19. [Epub ahead of print]

 

40. Silbernagel KG, Steele R, Manal K. Deficits in heel-rise height and achilles tendon elongation occur in patients recovering from an achilles tendon rupture. Am J Sports Med. 2012 Jul;40(7):1564-71

 

41. Gardinier, E.S., Manal, K., Buchanan, T.S. And Snyder-Mackler, L. Gait and Neuromuscular Asymmetries After Acute Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. August 2012 - Volume 44 - Issue 8 - p 1490–1496.

 

42. Gardinier, E.S., Manal, K., Buchanan, T.S. And Snyder-Mackler, L. Altered Loading in the Injured Knee after ACL Rupture", JOR, 2012 Oct 23. doi: 10.1002/jor.22249. [Epub ahead of print]

 

43. Chimera, N.J., Castro, M., Davis, I. and Manal, K. The effect of isolated gastrocnemius contracture and gastrocnemius recession on lower extremity kinematics and kinetics during stance. Clinical Biomechanics, 2012, 27(9):917–923.

 

44.  Chimera, N.J. & Manal, K. Sex Differences In Soleus Strength May Predispose Middle Age Females To Falls, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2012, (In Press).

 

BOOK CHAPTERS

 1.Manal K and Buchanan TS: Biomechanics of Human Movement. Standard Handbook of Biomedical Engineering  & Design. Ed: M Kutz. McGraw-Hill: New York, 5.1-5.26, 2002

2. Bassett, D.N., Gardinier, J.D., Manal, K. and Buchanan,T.S: Estimation of Muscle Forces About the    AnkleDuring Gait in Healthy and Neurologically Impaired Subjects.  Computational Intelligence for Movement Sciences: Neural Networks, Support Vector Machines, and Other Emerging Technology. Eds: Begg and Palaniswami. Idea Group Publishing: Hershey, PA, 320-347, 2006.

3. Manal K and Buchanan TS: Biomechanics of Human Movement. Standard Handbook of Biomedical Engineering & Design. Ed: M Kutz. McGraw-Hill: New York, p. 125-151, 2009

 

PEER-REVIEWED PROCEEDINGS

1. Hoshizaki B, Vardaxis V, Manal K, Hatzitake V: The application of inter-segmental dynamics as a means of documenting coordination disabilities . Proc of Can Congress of Neurological Sciences, Halifax, 1991

2. Manal K, Hoshizaki B: Asymmetric kinetic interference in non-impaired and parkinsonian subjects during bi-manual tasks of disparate difficulty. Proc of NACOB II, pp. 333-334, 1992

3. Hoshizaki B, Vardaxis V, Hatzitake V, Manal K, Gabriel D: Functional adaptation by the central nervous system to a fatigue stimulus. Proc of Int Brain Research Organization, p. 39.15, 1992

4. McClay IS, Manal K: A comparison of three-dimensional lower extremity kinematics during running between pronators and normals. Proc Am Soc Biomechanics, 18:127-128, 1994

5. McClay IS, Manal K: A comparison of coupling parameters between runners who pronate and normals. Proc Am Soc Biomechanics, 18:225-226, 1994

6. McClay IS, Manal K: Lower extremity kinetic comparisons between forefoot and rearfoot strikers. Proc Am Soc Biomechanics, 19:213-214, 1995

7. McClay IS, Manal K: Lower extremity kinematic comparisons between forefoot and rearfoot strikers. Proc Am Soc Biomechanics, 19:211-212, 1995

8. McClay IS, Manal K: A comparison of rearfoot and knee kinematics during running between excessive pronators and normals. Proc Canadian Ortho Res Society, Quebec City, 1996.

9. Manal K, McClay IS, Stanhope S, Richards J, Galinat B: Improving estimates of tibial rotation through marker configuration and attachment methods. Proc Am Soc Biomechanics, 21:138-139, 1997

10. Manal K, Buchanan TS: The effect of soft tissue movement during gait on varus moment arms of the knee joint. Proc Am Soc Biomechanics, 22: 158, 1998

11. Buchanan TS, Cheng J-Y, Shen X, and Manal K: An EMG-driven musculoskeletal model for

estimation of human joint moments during isometric time-varying loads. Proc ASME,

Advances in Bioengineering, BED-Vol. 39, 365-366. 1998

12. Buchanan TS, Shen X, Cheng J-Y, Gonzalez RV& Manal K: The virtual arm: A biologically-driven musculoskeletal model of the upper extremity. ASME Summer Bioeng Mtg, 1999

13. Lu, X, Manal, K and Buchanan, TS: Force transmission in the juvenile rheumatoid arthritis wrist. Proc Am Soc Biomechanics, 23: 82, 1999

14. Shen, X, Cheng, J, Manal, K and Buchanan, TS: Design of a real time EMG-driven virtual arm. Proc Am Soc Biomechanics, 23: 78, 1999

15. Manal K & Buchanan TS. Limitations of inverse dynamics in identifying quadriceps avoidance. Proc Am Soc Biomechanics, 24: 143, 2000

16.Manal K, McClay IS, Richards J & Stanhope S. Knee moment profiles during natural cadence walking: The effect of soft tissue movement. Archives of Physiology and Biochemsitry, 11:118, 2000

17. Buchanan TS, Manal K, Shen X, Lloyd, DG and Gonzalez, RV: The virtual arm: Estimating joint moments using and EMG-driven model. Proc European Society of Biomechanics12: 93, 2000

18. Galloway, J.C., Bhat, A., Heathcock, J., Manal, K., Lobo, M. Shoulder and elbow dynamics during vertical arm movements of various directions and speeds: Implications for development. Soc Neurosc, 2001

19. Manal K, McClay IS. Errors in estimating tibial translation during natural cadence walking: Bone vs. skin mounted tracking targets. American College of Sports Medicine, 33(5):s236, 2001

20. Buchanan TS, Manal K, Heine R: An EMG-driven biomechanical model of the human elbow: Fitting a generic model to specific subjects. Proc IV World Congress Biomech (CD), 2002

21. Buchanan TS, Manal K, Heine R: Using Hill-type muscle models and EMG data in a forward

dynamic analysis of joint moment. Int Conf Mechanics in Med and Biol, pp. 19-21, 2002.

22. Galloway, J.C., Bhat, A., Heathcock, J., Manal, K., Lobo, M., Shoulder and elbow dynamics during vertical arm movements of various directions and speeds. APTA Annual Conference, 2002.

23. Manal, K., Williams, G., Barrance, P. & Buchanan, T.S. Are estimates of quadriceps strength valid? Implications for clinical decision making. Proc IV World Congress Biomech (CD), 2002.

24. Manal K & Buchanan TS. EMG-driven estimates of muscle force during isometric elbow efforts: A forward dynamics approach. American College of Sports Medicine, 35(5):s383, 2003

25. Manal K & Buchanan TS. A numerical method for estimating tendon slack length. Proc IMECE, 2003

26. Manal, K., Chang, C-C., Hamill, J. & Stanhope, S. A three-dimensional data visualization technique for reporting movement pattern deviations. Proc 8th International Symposium on the 3-d Analysis of Human Movement,  pp. 93-96, 2004.

27. Manal K, Cohen S, Buchanan TS. Developing and Testing an Emg-Driven Model to Estimate Ankle Moments and Muscle Forces During Walking.  2nd International Ankle Symposium, 2004.

28. Manal K. Real-time control of an EMG-driven virtual arm.  American College of Sports Medicine, 36(5):s1, 2004.

29. Bassett, D., Manal, K., Cohen, S. and Buchanan, T.S.  Predicting Ankle Joint Moments Using A Hybrid EMG-driven Model. American College of Sports Medicine, 37(5):s278, 2005.

30. Gardinier, J. & Manal K. A Numerical Method for Determining Optimal Camera Placement. American College of Sports Medicine, 35(5):s2410, 2005.

31. Dierks, T., Davis, I., Scholz, J., Manal K. and Hamill, J. Hip Strength And Hip Kinematics During Prolonged Running In Runners With Patellofemoral Joint Pain. American College of Sports Medicine, 37(5):s157, 2005.

32. Manal K. & Guo, M. The Effect Of Foot Progression Angle On The Knee Adduction Moment During Walking, Stair Ascent And Descent In Individuals With Medial Knee Osteoarthritis. American College of Sports Medicine, 37(5):s55, 2005.

33. Dierks, T., Davis, I., Manal K. and Hamill, J. Kinematics Of Runners With And Without Patellofemoral Pain During Prolonged Treadmill Running. XXth International Society of Biomechanics, Cleveland, OH, 2005.

34. Bassett, D., Manal, K., Shao, Q. and Buchanan, T.S.  Predicting Ankle Joint Moments in Subjects with Normal and Abnormal Gait. XXth International Society of Biomechanics, Cleveland, OH, 2005.

35. Gardinier, J. & Manal K. A Numerical Method for Determining Optimal Camera Placement. XXth International Society of Biomechanics, Cleveland, OH, 2005.

36. Manal K. & Guo, M. Foot Progression Angle and the Knee Adduction Moment in Individuals with Medial Knee Osteoarthritis. XXth International Society of Biomechanics, Cleveland, OH, 2005.

37. Benoit DL, Manal K, Barrance P, Buchanan TS. Predicting knee joint forces with non-invasive techniques, In: Conference proceedings of the 9th International Course in Orthopaedics, Sports Rehabilitation and Biomechanics, Assisi, Italy, 2005.

38. Bassett DN, Manal K, Shao Q, Buchanan TS: Single joint versus multiple joint modeling using a hybrid EMG-driven approach. Proc Am Soc Biomech, 30, (CD) 2006

39. Chimera, NJ, Benoit, DL, Manal K: EMG signal amplitude differences during maximal isometric and isokinetic activity. Proc Am Soc Biomech, 30, (CD) 2006

40. Gardinier, JD & Manal K: Vastus lateralis forces during stair descent. Proc Am Soc Biomech, 30, (CD) 2006

41. Manal K, Gardinier, JD, Chimera, NJ: What are we missing when using inverse dynamics?. Proc Am Soc Biomech, 30, (CD) 2006

42. Benoit DL, Barrance PJ, Manal K, Buchanan TS: Anterior cruciate ligament repair technique alters knee joint forces during isometric flexion-extension. J Biomech, 39, S545, 2006

43. Barrance PJ, Manal K, Buchanan TS: Knee cartilage contact determination using weightbearing MRI , Proc ASME Summer Bioeng Conf, paper #157507, 2006

44. Bassett DN, Manal K, Shao Q, Buchanan TS: Predicting ankle and knee joint moments using a hybrid-EMG driven model on each joint individually and combined. ASME Summer Bioeng Conf, paper #157538, 2006

45. Benoit DL, Barrance PJ, Manal K, Buchanan TS: Anterior cruciate ligament repair technique alters knee joint forces during isometric flexion-extension. Proc V World Congress Biomech, (CD) 2006

46. Bassett DN, Shao Q, Manal K, Buchanan TS: Evaluation of single and multijoint models of the ankle using a hybrid EMG-driven approaches. 10th Int Conf Orthop Biomech & Sport Rehab, (CD) 2006

47. Shao Q, Bassett DN, Manal K, Buchanan TS: Modeling FES protocols for correcting joint moments in post-stroke subjects. J Biomech, 40(S2): S219, 2007

48. Buchanan TS, Shao Q, Bassett DL, Benoit DL, Manal K: Neuromusculoskeletal models to simulate rehabilitation of the injured ankle. Med Sci Sports Ex, 39: S50, 2007

49. Cowder JD, Chimera N, Buchanan TS, &  Manal K: A Hybrid Methodology Using Ultrasonography And Motion Analysis For Estimation Of Achilles Tendon Moment Arms In Vivo. Proc Am Soc Biomech, Stanford, CA. August, 2007

50. Roberts DP, Manal K & Buchanan TS: Emg-Based Estimates Of Pennation Angle For The Primary Ankle Dorsi And Plantarflexors During Isometric Contractions. Proc Am Soc Biomech, Stanford, CA. August, 2007

51. Chimera N, Castro M & Manal K: Surgical Recession Of The Gastrocnemius For Isolated

Contracture: A Case Study. Proc Am Soc Biomech, Stanford, CA. August, 2007

52. Shao Q, Bassett DN, Manal K & Buchanan TS: Estimation Of Corrective Changes In Muscle Activation Patterns For Stroke Patients During FES Intervention. Proc Am Soc Biomech, Stanford, CA. August, 2007

52. Bassett, DN, Shao, Q, Manal, KT, Buchanan, TS, & Cerulli, G, (2007).  Progressi nelle Valutazioni di Forze Muscolari con EMG, L’Intervento Riabilitativo a Lungo Termine nella Disabilitá Conseguente a Patologie Neurologiche, Trevi (PG), Italy, November, 2007.

53. Checcarelli, D, Bassett, DN, Shao, Q, Manal, KT, Buchanan, TS, & Cerulli, G: Il ruolo dell’analisi del Cammino nella Riabilitazione Ortopedica, Congresso a Trevi, Trevi (PG), Italy, October, 2007.

54. Bassett, DN, Shao, Q, Manal, KT, & Buchanan, TS:  Predicting muscle forces and joint moments using single joint and multi joint EMG-driven models, Conference Proceedings ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, Keystone, CO, June, 2007.

55. Cowder J, Chimera NJ, Buchanan T, Manal KT.  Estimation of Achilles Tendon moment arms in vivo: A novel hybrid methodology using ultrasonography and motion analysis.  American Society of Mechanical Engineering Summer Bioengineering Conference, Marco Island, FL June, 2008.

56. Cowder J, Buchanan T, Manal KT.  Achilles Tendon Moment Arms Computed Using Ultrasound and Motion Analysis: In Vivo Estimates For Male Subjects. American Society of Mechanical Engineering Summer Bioengineering Conference, Marco Island, FL June, 2008.

57. Shao, Q., Bassett, D., Manal, J. and Buchanan, T.S. J, Buchanan T, Manal KT.  Prediction of Muscle Forces and Joint Moments in Stroke Patients Using An Emg-Driven Model. American Society of Mechanical Engineering Summer Bioengineering Conference, Marco Island, FL June, 2008.

58. Manal, K., Snyder-Mackler, L., Axe, M.J. and Buchanan, T.S., (2008). Muscle Force Estimates For Walking Using An Emg-Driven Musculoskeletal Model Of The Knee Are Reliable Within And Between Days. North American Congress on Biomechanics, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

59. Cowder, J.D., Buchanan, T.S. and Manal, K., (2008). Achilles Tendon Moment Arms Via A Hybrid Method Using Motion Analysis And Ultrasound: In Vivo Estimations In Male Subjects. North American Congress on Biomechanics, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

60. Gardinier, J. and Manal, K., (2008). Flexor And Extensor Contributions To The Joint Moment During Stair Ascent For Healthy Subjects And Those With Knee OA. North American Congress on Biomechanics, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

61. Chimera NJ, Castro MD, Manal KT.  How does isolated gastrocnemius contracture affect plantar pressure in neurologically healthy subjects?  Poster presented at North American Congress on Biomechanics Meeting, Ann Arbor, MI, August, 2008.

62. Chimera NJ, Castro MD, Manal KT.  Gastrocnemius recession:  a treatment for foot pathology with associated isolated gastrocnemius contracture.  Gait and Clinical Movement Analysis Society Meeting, Richmond, VA April, 2008.

63. Kumar D, Rudolph, KS, Manal, KT. Force changes in Vastus Medialis during gait: Relationship with EMG and impact on co-contraction estimates- a proof of concept. Computational Methods in Orthopaedic Biomechanics. Pre-ORS Symposium. San Francisco, CA. March, 2008

64. Buchanan TS, Manal K: In vivo estimation of compressive loads in the ACL-reconstructed knee. Med SciSports Ex, 40: (5), 2008. Innovation in Research Award from the American College of Sports Medicine

65. Manal, K., Binder-Macleod, B. and Buchanan, T.S. Experimentally Derived Musculotendon Parameters for the Human Soleus: Fiber Length, Pennation Angle and Isometric Force. Conference Proceedings ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, Squaw Valley, CA, June, 2009

66. Buchanan, T.S., Gardinier, J.D. and Manal, K.  Antagonistic Knee Flexor Force during Stair Ascent in People with Knee Osteoarthritis. ORS 55th Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, Nevada. Feb, 2009

67. Kumar D, Rudolph KS, Manal K. Muscle Forces during Walking in Medial Knee Osteoarthritis. ORS 55th Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, Nevada. Feb, 2009

68. Manal KT, Kumar D, Rudolph KS, Buchanan TS. An Emg-Driven Musculoskeletal Modeling Approach to Estimate Articular Loading at the Knee. Presented at the 2009 International Conference on Computational Bioengineering, 16-18 September 2009, Bertinoro (Forlì), Italy.

69. Chimera NJ, Castro M, Manal KT.  The Effect Of Isolated Gastrocnemius Contracture And Surgical Gastrocnemius Recession On Strength And Function. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 2009;41(5):293.

70. MacLeod TD, Chimera NJ, Castro M, Manal KT, Buchanan TS. Surgical Recession Of The Gastrocnemius Does Not Change Plantar Flexion Moments. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 2009;41(5):82.

71. Manal, K., Kumar, D., Rusolph, K.S. and Buchanan, T.S. An EMG-driven musculoskeletal modeling approach for estimating articular loading at the knee  XXII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, Cape Town, South Africa, 2009

72. Manal, K., Binder-Macleod, B. and Buchanan, T.S. Experimentally derived musculotendon parameters for the human soleus: Fiber length, pennation angle and isometric force, XXII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, Cape Town, South Africa, 2009

73. Manal, K.,  Snyder-Mackler, L. & Buchanan, T.S.  Articular loading during walking in subjects with acl deficiency. American Society of Biomechanics Annual Meeting, State College, PA August, 2009.

74. Shao, Qi, Manal, K. & Buchanan. T.S.  An EMG driven model to estimate acl forces during normal walking. American Society of Biomechanics Annual Meeting, State College, PA August, 2009.

75. Chimera NJ, Castro MD, Manal KT. Isokinetic plantar flexion torque increases after open gastrocnemius recession. Poster presented at American Society of Biomechanics Annual Meeting, State College, PA August, 2009.

76. MacLeod T, Chimera NJ, Manal KT, Buchanan, TS.  Volitional MVC EMG normalization tasks between days. American Society of Biomechanics Annual Meeting, State College, PA August, 2009.

77. Chimera NJ, Castro MD, Manal KT.  Surgical recession of the gastrocnemius does not influence plantar pressure. American Society of Biomechanics Annual Meeting, State College, PA August, 2009.

78. Binder-Macleod, B, Manal KT, Buchanan TS. Optimal fiber length and operating range of the soleus in vivo. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 2009;41(5):82.

79. Manal, K, Gardinier, E, Snyder-Mackler, L, Buchanan, TS. Joint loading during walking in subjects with acute ACL rupture. ORS 56th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA. Feb, 20010.

80. Manal, K, Gardinier, E, Snyder-Mackler, L, Buchanan, TS. Correlating medial contact force and joint moments during gait. ORS 56th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA. Feb, 20010.

81. Kumar, D, Rudolph, K, Manal, K. Medial and lateral articular loading strategies in knee osteoarthritis. ORS 56th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA. Feb, 20010

82. Shao, Q, Macleod, T, Manal, K, Buchanan, TS. Comparison of ligament loading and anterior tibial translation in healthy and ACL-deficient knees during gait. ORS 56th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA. Feb, 20010

83. Manal, K, Gardinier, E, Snyder-Mackler, L, Buchanan, TS. Joint loading during walking in subjects with acute ACL rupture. ORS 56th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, Feb, 2010.

84. Manal, K, Innocenti, B, Labey, L and Buchanan, TS. Condylar Contact During Normal Walking And Lateral Trunk Sway Gait: An Emg-Driven Modeling Approach To Estimate Articular Loading.  Proceedings of the ASME 2010 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Naples, Florida, 2010.

85. Manal, K, Gardinier, E, Snyder-Mackler, L, and Buchanan, TS. Gender Differences in Medial Compartment Knee Joint Loading for Subjects with Acute ACL Injury6th World Congress on Biomechanics, Singapore, 2010.

86. Manal, K, Kumar, D, Rudolph, K, and Buchanan, TS.  Joint Loading During Gait in Those with Medial Compartment Knee Osteoarthritis and Healthy Controls.  6th World Congress on Biomechanics, Singapore, 2010.

87. Gardinier, E, Manal, K, Buchanan, TS, and Snyder-Mackler, L. Joint Loads In Acl Deficient Individuals After Neuromuscular Training. 33rd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.  Providence, Rhode Island, 2010.

88. Manal, K, Kumar, D, Buchanan, TS and Rudolph, K. Joint Contact Force Comparisons Between Healthy Subjects And Those With Medial Compartment Knee Ostearthritis. 33rd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.  Providence, Rhode Island, 2010.

89. Gerus, P, Rao, G, Manal, K, Buchanan, TS and Berton, E.  Influence Of In-Vivo Tendon Force-Strain Relationship For Different Loading Rates Into Emg Driven Model. 33rd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.  Providence, Rhode Island, 2010.

90. Grävare Silbernagel, K and Manal, K.  Deficits In The Heel-Rise Test In Patients With Achilles

Tendon Ruptures Can Be Explained By Tendon Elongation And Muscular Weakness. 33rd Annual

Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.  Providence, Rhode Island, 2010.

91. Macleod, TD, Manal, K, Snyder-Mackler, L and Buchanan, TS. Lower Extremity Coordinated Mobilization And Stabilization During  Static Stance: The Unique Role Of The Vasti Muscles. 33rd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.  Providence, Rhode Island, 2010.

92. Qi Shao, Toran D. Macleod,Kurt Manal And Thomas S. Buchanan  Estimation Of Anterior Tibial Translation And Ligament Loading In Healthy And Acl-Deficient Knees During Walking. 33rd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.  Providence, Rhode Island, 2010.

93.  Gardinier, E., Snyder-Mackler, L., Buchanan, T.S. and Manal, K. Partitioning Muscle Forces During Gait in ACL-deficient Non-Copers.  American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting in Baltimore, 2010.

94. Manal, K., Gardinier, E., Snyder-Mackler, L. and Buchanan, T.S Frontal Plane Knee Moments Do Not Predict Medial Compartment Loading.  American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting in Baltimore, 2010.

95. Manal, K., Gardinier, E., Snyder-Mackler, L. and Buchanan, T.S. Medial compartment contact force shouldbe inferred within the context of the sagittal plane moment: experimental evidence in acute unilateral ACL rupture.  14th Annual ESSKA Meeting in Oslo, Norway June 2010.

96. Manal, K., Gardinier, E., Snyder-Mackler, L. and Buchanan, T.S. Knee adduction moments and medial joint

contact forces during gait in subjects early after acute unilateral ACL rupture. 14th Annual ESSKA Meeting in Oslo, Norway, 2010.

97. T. D. Macleod, K. Manal, L. Snyder-Mackler, T. S. Buchanan; Lower Extremity Neuromuscular

Coordination During Static Stance: Mobilization vs Stabilization. Neuroscience 2010, 40TH Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA.

98. Ridge, S., Richards, J. G., Henley, J., Manal, K., Miller, F.  Biomechanical Analysis of Gait Termination in

      Children at Preferred and Fast Walking Speeds. GCMAS, Bethesda, MD, 2011. 

99. Chimera N,  Manal K. Sex Differences in Plantar Flexion Strength May Predispose Middle Age Females to Falls. 34th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.  Long Beach, CA, 2011.

100. Crowell H, Davis I, Higginson J, Manal K, Wang L. Combining Musculoskeletal Modeling and Optimization to Estimate Muscle Forces at the Ankle. 34th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.  Long Beach, CA, 2011.

101. MacLeod T, Manal K, Snyder-Mackler L, Buchanan T. Altered Neuromuscular Control After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury. 34th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.  Long Beach, CA, 2011.

102. Manal K,  Gardinier E,  Snyder-Mackler L. Knee Mechanics Before and After Perturbation Training in Subjects with ACL Deficiency. 34th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.  Long Beach, CA, 2011.

103. Gardinier ES, Manal K, Buchanan TS, Snyder-Mackler L. Joint Loading Symmetry Before and After ACL Reconstruction. 2011 Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, Long Beach , CA.

104. Gardinier ES, Manal K, Snyder-Mackler L and Buchanan TS. Asymmetrical joint loading accompanies quadriceps weakness following ACL injury. 58th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine in Denver, CO, June 2011.

105. Gardinier ES, Manal K, Buchanan TS and Snyder-Mackler L. Joint loading asymmetries following ACL injury, pre-operative training and reconstruction in male and female athletes. E-Poster at the 8th Biennial Congress of the International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery & Orthopaedic Sports Medicine in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, May 2011.

106. Suydam S. Manal K, Buchanan TS. EMG And Kinematic Changes With Gait Velocities: The Importance of Variability.  International Society of Biomechanics, Brussels, Belgium, 2011.

107. Manal K, Buchanan TS. A Real-time EMG-driven Musculoskeletal Model of the Ankle. EUROMECH

  Colloquium 511 on Biomechanics of Human Motion. Ponta Delgada, Azores, Portugal, March 9-12, 2011

108. Manal K, Buchanan TS. An Emg"Driven Virtual Arm For Studying Normal And Pathological Movements. International Society of Biomechanics, Brussels, Belgium, 2011.

109. Silbernagel KG, Manal K. Achilles tendon elongation following Achilles tendon rupture. Swedish Society of Sports Medicine Annual Congress, Gothenburg, Sweden, May 5-7, 2011. Award for best presentation.

110. Silbernagel KG, Manal K. Heel-Rise height as a measure of tendon elongation following Achilles tendon rupture. 8th Biennial ISAKOS Congress, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, May 15-19, 2011

111. Ridge, S., Richards, J. G., Henley, J., Manal, K., Miller, F.  Biomechanical Analysis of Gait Termination in Children at Preferred and Fast Walking Speeds. GCMAS, Bethesda, MD, 2011. 

112. Gardinier E. S., Di Stasi S. D., Manal K., Buchanan T. and Snyder-Mackler L.Loading Asymmetries in Athletes Who Do and Do Not Meet Return-to-Sport Criteria. 2012 Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, San Francisco, CA.

113. Manal K., Gardinier E.S., Snyder-Mackler L. and  Buchanan T.S. The effect of graft type on joint loading following ACL reconstruction. 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine in San Francisco, CA, June 2012.

 114. Suydam S.M., Buchanan T.S., Manal K. and Gravare Silbernagel K.Muscle Activations in Response to Achilles Tendon Rupture And Repair. 35th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.  Gainesville, FL, 2012.

115. Suydam S.M., Manal K. and  Buchanan T.S. Asymmetric Morphology of the Hamstring Muscles Following ACL Autografts. 35th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.  Gainesville, FL, 2012.

116. Manal K., Gardinier E., Snyder-Mackler L. and Buchanan T.S. Knee Joint Loading after ACL Reconstruction: Influence of Graft Type.  35th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.  Gainesville, FL, 2012.

117. Manal K. and Buchanan T.S.. Walking with increased foot progression angle can reduce joint compressive forces in individuals with knee OA. Osteoarthritis Research Society International, Barcelona, Spain, 2012.

118. Manal K. and Buchanan T.S.. Predictions Of Condylar Contact During Normal And Medial Thrust Gait. Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Fajardo, Puerto Rico, USA